The Embryo transfer is an important part of the IVF process. Once a healthy sperm sample and a mature egg have been brought together and fertilized within laboratory conditions, they are cultured in a laboratory for five or six days. Blastocyst stage embryo is the stage where the embryo is fully grown and ready to be transferred. There are 60-200 cells in total. Generally, the embryo is born after 5-6 days after raising the embryo after the oocytes are collected. The resulting embryo or embryos are then transferred back to the uterus of the female patient. In order for a pregnancy to occur, this embryo would then have to attach itself to the patient’s womb/uterus wall.
Embryo transfer is needed in a number of different situations. These include ovulation disorders, damage to fallopian tubes, endometriosis, premature ovarian failure, uterine fibroids, genetic disorders, and impaired sperm production.
Embryo Transfer into the uterus is easy and painless. The doctor will insert a very small plastic tube with blastocyst larvae through the cervix into the uterus.
After the embryo transfer, the patient should rest for about 1 hour and after that the patient can go home. There is no need to rest in the hospital. However, during the first 3-4 days of the embryo transfer, the patient should relax as much as possible, avoiding sweating, lifting heavy things, walking a lot, and refraining from strenuous exercise but able to walk up and down the stairs. The patient can normally take a shower, shower in the bathroom, drive as necessary but should be minimal and refrain from traveling during this period but there is no need to lay in the bed all times.
Practice after Embryo Transfer
• Can travel by plane
• Do not have sexual intercourse and not to wash the vagina after embryo transfer.
• Do not exercise too heavy such as mountain climbing, marathon, tennis, etc.
• Do not take medication other than doctor’s orders or in case of doubt, please consult a doctor before taking any medicine.